JERICHO UNDERHILL WATER DISTRICT
WATER QUALITY REPORT
Jericho Underhill Water District
P.O. Box 174
Underhill, VT 05489
Water Source Information
Your water comes from:
JERICHO UNDERHILL WATER DISTRICT Water System is classified and permitted as a groundwater, non-purchased water system, operating under water system identification #5096.
Meetings are held on the
1st Tuesday of every month at 7:00 pm, Underhill United Church (7 Park St).
January – December 2019
Champlin Associates prepared this report. If you have any questions about Jericho Underhill Water District water quality, please call (802)879-7136 ext. 105 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Health Information Regarding Drinking Water:
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants, can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbiological contaminants are available from EPA’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791).
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Safe Drinking Water Hotline.
If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. JERICHO UNDERHILL WATER DISTRICT is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your drinking water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.
Coliforms are bacteria that are naturally present in the environment and are used as an indicator that other, potentially harmful, waterborne pathogens may be present or that a potential pathway exists through which contamination may enter the drinking water distribution system. We found coliforms indicating the need to look for potential problems in water treatment or distribution. When this occurs, we are required to conduct assessments to identify problems and to correct any problems that were found during these assessments.
Source Water Information:
A source protection plan (spp) for JERICHO UNDERHILL WATER DISTRICT water supply system was approved in 1995 and was updated in April 2018. A copy of the spp is on file with the JERICHO UNDERHILL WATER DISTRICT Water System and available on the district's website. Information on the vulnerability of the water supply to contamination (possible sources of contamination) will be found in the approved spp. Improperly maintained septic systems and proximity to roadways may be possible sources of contamination.
The information in this report has been posted electronically on the district's website and a note will be placed in the second quarter bills to all residents of the Jericho Underhill Water District. It has also been mailed to the State of Vermont Agency of Environmental Conservation.
Jericho Underhill Water District – Water Quality Report 2019 Page 5
Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) are contaminants you may see reported in your Consumer Confidence Report (CCR) for the first time.
What are PFAS?
PFAS are a group of over 4,000 human-made chemicals (they do not occur naturally) that have been used in industry and consumer products worldwide since at least the 1950s. These chemicals are used to make household and commercial products that resist heat and chemical reactions and repel oil, stains, grease, and water. Some common products that may contain PFAS include non-stick cookware, water-resistant clothing and materials, cleaning products, cosmetics, food packaging materials, and some personal care products. Due to their resilient chemical nature, they don’t readily degrade once they are released into the environment. In addition, the common use of these chemicals in industry and consumer products has led to their widespread impact on the environment. The impact of these chemicals on your drinking water continues to be studied.
Why are PFAS being tested in my drinking water?
In May 2019, Act 21 (S.49), an act relating to the regulation of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in drinking and surface waters, was signed by Governor Scott. This Act provides a comprehensive framework to identify PFAS contamination and to issue new rules to regulate PFAS levels in drinking water.
What if PFAS have been detected in my drinking water?
Act 21 set an interim standard for the detected concentration of five PFAS in drinking water, or the combined concentration of any of the 5 PFAS, which should not exceed 20 parts per trillion (ppt). The interim standard is based on the Health Advisory established by the Vermont Department of Health. The five PFAS are:
(PFNA): Perfluorononanoic Acid
(PFOA): Perfluorooctanoic Acid
(PFOS): Perfluorooctane Sulfonic Acid
(PFHpA): Perfluoroheptanoic Acid
(PFHxS): Perfluorohexane Sulfonic Acid
If your water has been tested and the sum any of the five PFAS listed above is confirmed to exceed 20 ppt, a Do Not Drink notice will be issued informing you not to use your water for drinking or cooking, brushing teeth, making ice cubes, making baby formula, washing fruits and vegetables or any other consumptive use. You will be advised to use another source of water for consumption which may include bottled water.
An additional 13 PFAS were required to be tested for, per Act 21. These additional 13 PFAS, listed below, currently do not have an established health-based standard and are not counted toward the combined standard of 20 ppt:
(11Cl-PF3OUdS): 11-Chloroeicosafluoro-3-oxaundecane-1-sulfonic Acid
(9Cl-PF3ONS): 9-Chlorohexadecafluoro-3-oxanonane-1-sulfonic Acid
(DONA): 4,8-Dioxa-3H-perfluorononanoic Acid
(HFPO-DA): Hexafluoropropylene Oxide Dimer Acid
(NEtFOSAA): N-ethyl perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic Acid
(NMeFOSAA): N-methyl perfluorooctanesulfonamidoacetic Acid
(PFBS): Perfluorobutane Sulfonic Acid
(PFDA): Perfluorodecanoic Acid
(PFDoA): Perfluorododecanoic Acid
(PFHxA): Perfluorohexanoic Acid
(PFTA): Perfluorotetradecanoic Acid
(PFTrDA): Perfluorotridecanoic Acid
(PFUnA): Perfluoroundecanoic Acid
Where can I learn more about PFAS in drinking water?
For information about the health effects of PFAS, please visit www.healthvermont.gov/water/pfas or call the Vermont Department of Health at 1-800-439-8550. If you have specific health concerns, contact your health care provider.